TOURIST INFORMATION OF AREQUIPA
Location : The city of Arequipa is 1000 km south of the city of Lima. Altitude : 2,325m.a.s.l Population : About 723,806 in habitants Clima : Temperate climate (yearly average between 10° and 25° c) On arriving in
INFORMACIÓN TURÍSTICA DE AREQUIPA
Arequipa, it is surprising to see the city surrounded by its three volcanoes, and impressive view indeed, centered by Misti, flanked by Chachani and Pichu Pichu. Nowadays, they are inactive, but long ago when they erupted, the volcanic lava became prettified originating “Sillar“, a white porous stone, the prime element for the ancient constructions of the city and nowadays is a characteristic element of expression of art and architecture.
MAIN SQUARE : Central point and nucleous of the urban life around which the city has developed. It is large and square, with a noticeable inclination. It is recognized for the symmetric harmony of its architecture, and surrounded by the Cathedral and three sides with double arches, which form porticoes of carved “sillar” and granite, and vaults made of brick.
BASILICA CATHEDRAL : Neoclassical style an with imposing facade that occupies all the Northern front, with 70 columns and three porticoes, made of sillar covered with Gothic brick vaults. Over it, two stylized towers soar. Its construction started in 1621 nd took eight years. It was destroyed by a fire in 1844 and was restored. There are relics of great value kept inside: the main altar made of Carrara marble (Italy), the stalls about the choir and a great organ purchased in Europe in the XIX century. THE JESUIT TEMPLE :
The impressive temple of the Company of Jesus was built between 1610 and 1698 and constitutes the most beautiful and complete colonial edifice of the city. Its intricate stands out among the other churches. Its style is plateresque, throughout all the church colorful and stylized profuse ornamentation is displayed. The temple is in the shape of a Latin cross, with a main aisle and two lateral ones, a high choir and a beautiful pulpit from the XVII century. COMPLEX OF JESUS :
Of impressive conventual aspect, it is the only edifice, which conserves the colonial art from its bases. It consists of two cloisters with portal led corridors made of carved sillar and Jesuitics monograms in the upper part. It is the purest sample of the mestizo Arequipa style.
CHURCH AND SQUARE OF YANAHUARA One of the most representatives colonial churches of the city, dated on 1750, it was built with sillar, showing us a barrocal facade and sober inner places. Located in the main square of the legendary district of Yanahuara, a picturesque village with narrow passages and old houses with small orchards. It also have a mirador with arches in sillar that commands a partial view of the city.
SANTA CATALINA MONASTERY : Santa Catalina was built in Arequipa, the city that was founded in 1540 in a place specially chosen for its natural beauty and good climate, and with a unique construction material: sillar, a porous stone from volcanic lava used to built a nice city with our own architectural designs, with spaces and proportions of great esthetic value, and also to have carvings on imposing fronts with fine decorative details, making of Arequipa a colonial center of marked identity, within the main urban centers of the continent. Its architectonic style is mainly colonial, but of a mestizo nature. Different from other colonial heritages in this part of Latin America, in Santa Catalina specially, the fusion of Spanish and native elements can be observed to the point of generating it own creativity. CHURCH AND CONVENT OF RECOLETA :
In the simple and austere cloisters covered with tiled roofs, many valuable testimonies of different epochs can be found. Within these cloisters, one of the most important religious libraries of Peru is found, where valuable books printed in the XV century are kept.
SAN FRANCISCO : The Church, the Convent and the small square of San Francisco, constitute a beautiful architectural sample in the center of Arequipa, the very small square has a peaceful environment and of rest, the temple vaulted a single ship and a sanctuary with dome, the combination of sillar and brick provides it a beautiful aspect, with a beautiful chorus of stone. It possesses besides a library with a large quantity of volumes and a complete Gallery art . THE COLCA CANYON :
A place tourists should not miss, it considered the second deepest canyon in the world (3400 mts. deep). The small town of Chivay welcomes tourists to the imponent canyon. This town still keeps the cultural characteristics, customs and traditions of its ancient origin, imposing as well as its colorful costumes. If you prefer, you may visit the mountain tops to see the Condor, master of the hights. For those who like adventure, it is tempting to meet the wild waters of the Colca river and navigate its rapids in an exciting ride.
THE LADY OF AMPATO : It is believed that during the domain of Tahuantinsuyo the area was scarcely populated by some Inca nobility about whom there was no clear knowledge till 1986 when a striking discovery on top of the Ampato volcano took place, as the body of a young Inca lady in a perfect state of preservation was found. This invaluable archeological and anthropological testimony, admired the world over, tells us about the life of the Inca inhabitants in this region.