Paracas National Reserve

Paracas National Reserve

It is a protected area in Peru located in the province of Pisco, Ica.

The Paracas National Reserve was declared as such on September 25, 1975 It was created in order to preserve a portion of the sea and the desert of Peru, giving protection to various species of wild flora and fauna.




It is located in one of the most desert in coastal Peru, Ica, with an area of ​​335,000 hectares and 200,000 in the Pacific Ocean.

The Paracas Peninsula is located in an incredibly rich marine area, where outcrops of water is very cold, producing an abundance of plankton that feeds on fish, crustaceans and molluscs.




Part of the area of the reserve is made up (for many richest sea in the world) aquatic environments.

Because of its importance as a resting and feeding place for migratory species in 1991 was elevated to the category of Regional Reserve Hemispheric Shorebird Network.






The climate is typical of the formation of subtropical desert. In February and August, respectively, is 22 ° C and 15.5 ° C, with an annual average 18.7 ° C. Precipitation is very poor, with the total average of 1.83 mm., The relative humidity is around 82%, with 83% in winter.

The prevailing winds are south and southwest, reaching an average speed of 14.9 km / h; however, they can reach 32 km / h, being the strongest of the coast, known as the “Paracas”.

With a mild climate and an average of 22 degrees Celsius and the sun almost constantly, with low humidity, the room is nice.

The Reserve


The book has great volunteers on the coast for conservation and quiet playback of numerous species of resident and migratory birds.

Among the most commonly found are the pelicans, gray gull, Condor, Humboldt penguins and flamingos or flamingoes and other species.The fish found in this sea area are: sole, white toyo, bonito, tramboyo, stripe, cheetah, sardine, anchovy, sea bass, and other species lorna.

Mammals are mainly represented by the comical sea lions, fur seals, porpoise and sea cat, it, in danger of extinction.

It is also populated leatherback and green turtles, reptiles such as lizards, octopus, squid and crustaceans.

The Chandelier


The Chandelier, located northwest of Paracas Bay, is a geoglifo having a length of 120 m, which is also called Tres Cruces or Trident.

The candle is engraved in stone cream color, it is almost always covered by sand, the sand is never completely clear chandelier because the winds are always removing excess sand from the channels.The Chandelier is located at the edge of Paracas in the top of the hill.



The Cathedral


The Cathedral was a rock formation caused by sea erosion and wind throughout the centuries. Its shape was reminiscent undermined the domes of the cathedrals, and inside some chingungos lived and seabirds.

Considered Heritage Site, was one of the most widely used natural images of Peru. Its structure collapsed during the violent earthquake of 8 degrees on the Richter scale of 15 August 2007 that was centered city of Pisco.

The remains of this figure are among the Supay Yumaque and beaches.


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